Gatha Sentence Translation Sentence Structure
Vocabulary&Grammar Commentary Pronunciation
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pamojjabahulo bhikkhu pasanno buddhasasane

adhigacche padaj santaj savkharupasamaj sukhaj

(DhP 381)

Sentence Translation:

The monk who is full of joy and trusting in the Buddha's teaching,
will acquire the peaceful state of Nirvana, quieting of all conditioned things and happiness.

Sentence Structure:
List of Abbreviations

pamojja+bahulo   bhikkhu   pasanno buddha+sasane
|                 |              |              |           |            |
N.n.       Adj.m.     N.m.      Adj.m.   N.m.      N.n.
|            Nom.Sg. Nom.Sg. Nom.Sg.     |        Loc.Sg.
|__________|             |              |           |_______|
          |                      |              |__________|

List of Abbreviations

adhigacche padaj  santaj savkhara+upasamaj sukhaj
|                     |           |            |               |              |
V.act.          N.n.    Adj.n.    N.m.         N.m.       N.n.
3.Sg.opt.   Acc.Sg. Acc.Sg.      |           Acc.Sg.   Acc.Sg.
|                     |______|            |_________|             |
|                           |_______________|___________|

Vocabulary and Grammar:
List of Abbreviations

pamojjabahulo: pamojjabahula-, Adj.: full of joy. It is a compound of:
    pamojja-, N.n.: joy, delight, happiness. Often spelled as pamujja-.
    bahula-, Adj.: full of, much, abundant.
Nom.Sg.m. = pamojjabahulo.

bhikkhu: bhikkhu-, N.m.: a (Buddhist) monk. Nom.Sg. = bhikkhu.

pasanno: pasanna-, Adj.: trusting, virtuous, happy, bright. It is a p.p. of the verb root sad- (to sit) with the strengthening prefix pa-. Nom.Sg.m. = pasanno.

buddhasasane: buddhasasana-, N.n.: the teaching of the Buddha. It is a compound of:
    buddha-, Adj.: awakened. It is a p.p. of the verb root budh- (to awaken). As a N.m.: Awakened One, Enlightened One, a being who has attained the Nirvana.
    sasana-, N.n.: teaching, message, the teaching of the Buddha. It is derived from the verb root sas- (to teach).
Loc.Sg. = buddhasasane.

List of Abbreviations

adhigacche, V.: would find, acquire. The verb root is gam- (to go) with the prefix adhi- (towards). 3.Sg.act.opt. = adhigacche.

padaj: pada-, N.n.: state, place. Acc.Sg. = padaj.

santaj: santa-, Adj.: peaceful, tranquil. It is a p.p. of the verb sam- (to be appeased).
Acc.Sg.n. = santaj.

savkharupasamaj: savkharupasama-, N.m.: quieting of all the conditioned things, the Nirvana. It is a compound of:
    savkhara-, N.m.: conditioned thing, world of phenomena. The meaning of this word is very wide, here we will use "conditioned thing". It comprises the entire world around us, including ourselves.
    upasama-, N.m.: calm, quiet, tranquility. It is derived from the verb root sam- (to be appeased) with the prefix upa- (towards, up).
Euphonic combination: savkhara- + upasama- = savkharupasama-.
Acc.Sg. = savkharupasamaj.

sukhaj: sukha-, N.n.: happiness, well-being. Acc.Sg.m. = sukhaj.

List of Abbreviations

    The subject is the noun bhikkhu (monk, nominative singular). It has two attributes, the compound pamojjabahulo (full of joy, nominative singular) and the past participle pasanno (trusting, nominative singular). This word has its own attribute, the compound buddhasasane (in the Buddha's teaching, locative singular). The verb is adhigacche (would acquire, 3rd person, singular, active, optative). It has three attributes, the noun sukhaj (happiness, accusative singular), the compound savkharupasamaj (quieting of all conditioned things, accusative singular) and the noun padaj (state, accusative singular). This last word has an attribute, the adjective santaj (peaceful, accusative singular).


    In Savatthi there lived a young man named Vakkali. When he saw the Buddha for the first time he was very impressed with his calm and radiant appearance. He became a monk just to be close to the Buddha. As a result, he neglected his own spiritual development. The Buddha exhorted him that in order to see the Buddha, one must see the Dharma, his teaching. And he sent Vakkali away. Vakkali was very depressed and contemplated suicide. The Buddha understood his mind and sent forth his radiance to Vakkali’s presence. Vakkali felt as if the Buddha was really there, his mind calmed and he started to practice diligently. Soon he reached the Arahantship.

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