Gatha Sentence Translation Sentence Structure
Vocabulary&Grammar Commentary Pronunciation
                          List of Abbreviations

pajsukuladharaj jantuj kisaj dhamanisanthataj

ekaj vanasmij jhayantaj tam ahaj brumi brahmanaj

(DhP 395)

Sentence Translation:

The person who is wearing just rags from a dust heap, is lean, with veins showing,
who is meditating alone in the forest - him do I call a Brahmin.

Sentence Structure:
List of Abbreviations

pajsu+kula+dharaj jantuj  kisaj dhamani+santhataj
|             |          |            |          |           |               |
N.m.    N.n.  Adj.m.   N.m.   Adj.m.   N.f.       Adj.m.
|_______|     Acc.Sg. Acc.Sg. Acc.Sg.     |         Acc.Sg.
       |_________|            |           |           |________|
                |___________|           |                  |

List of Abbreviations

ekaj   vanasmij jhayantaj   tam     ahaj        brumi brahmanaj
|                 |               |             |            |               |             |
Adj.m.    N.n.        Adj.m.   Pron.m.   Pron.     N.m.
Acc.Sg. Loc.Sg.    Acc.Sg.   Acc.Sg. Nom.Sg. 1.Sg.pres.  Acc.Sg.
|_________|                |             |            |                |            |
         |_____________|              |            |                |            |
___________|_______________|            |                |            |
                                                            |       |_____|

Vocabulary and Grammar:
List of Abbreviations

pajsukuladharaj: pajsukuladhara-, Adj.: having just rags from a dust heap [as one's clothes]. It is a compound of:
    pajsukula-, N.n.: rags from a dust heap. It is a compound of:
        pajsu-, N.m.: dust, dirt, soil.
        kula-, N.n.: slope, bank.
    dhara-, Adj.: keeping, holding, knowing. It is derived from the verb root dhar- (to hold).
Acc.Sg.m. = pajsukuladharaj.

jantuj: jantu-, N.m.: being, person, man. Acc.Sg. = jantuj.

kisaj: kisa-, Adj.: lean, emaciated. Acc.Sg.m. = kisaj.

dhamanisanthataj: dhamanisanthata-, Adj.: strewn with veins, with veins showing. It is a compound of:
    dhamani-, N.f.: vein.
    santhata-, Adj.: spread, strewn. It is a p.p. of the verb root thar- (to spread) with the prefix saj- (together).
Acc.Sg.m. = dhamanisanthataj.

List of Abbreviations

ekaj: eka-, Adj.: alone, one. Acc.Sg.m. = ekaj.

vanasmij: vana-, N.n.: forest. Loc.Sg. = vanasmij.

jhayantaj: jhayant-, Adj.: meditating, practicing meditation. It is an of the verb root jhe- (to meditate). Acc.Sg.m. = jhayantaj.

tam: tad-, Pron.: it. Masculine form: so-, he. Acc.Sg. = tam (him).

ahaj, Pron.: I. Nom.Sg. = ahaj.

brumi, V.: [I] say, proclaim. The verb root is bru-. = brumi.

brahmanaj: brahmana-, N.m.: Brahmin, a holy man. Acc.Sg. = brahmanaj.

List of Abbreviations

The subject is the pronoun ahaj (I, nominative singular). The verb is brumi ([I] say, 1st person, singular, active, indicative, present tense). The object is the noun brahmanaj (Brahmin, accusative singular). It has five attributes:
    1) the pronoun tam (him, accusative singular),
    2) the noun jantuj (person, accusative singular) with its attribute, the compound pajsukuladharaj (wearing just rags from a dust heap, accusative singular),
    3) the adjective kisaj (lean, accusative singular),
    4) the compound dhamanisanthataj (strewn with veins, accusative singular),
    5) the adjective ekaj (alone, accusative singular) with its attributes, the active present participle jhayantaj (meditating, accusative singular) and the noun vanasmij (in the forest, locative singular).


    Sakka, the king of gods, once came to pay homage to the Buddha, with many lesser gods in attendance. At the same time, Kisa Gotami, using her supernormal powers, flew to the Buddha also in order to pay homage to him. But when she saw Sakka with his entourage, she retreated.
    Sakka asked the Buddha who she was and the Buddha told him Kisa Gotami's story (see DhP 114 for the story). Then he spoke this verse, extolling virtues of meditation and ascetic livelihood.

Sentence pronunciation:

Sentence pronunciation

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