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Serial No.
158775
Title
A Study of the Buddhist Saint in Relation to the Biographical Tradition of Milarepa
Author
Tiso, Francis Vincent
Date
1989.01.01
Pages
618
Publisher
Columbia University (http://www.columbia.edu/)
Location
New York, NY, US [紐約, 紐約州, 美國]
Mediatype
博碩士論文=Thesis and Dissertation
Language
英文=English
Library
SEARCH: NTU LIBRARY / MET@CAT
Compilation Date
2008.04.24
Note
Keyword
上師=Guru;心靈=Spiritual;布教=弘化=Transmission of Buddhism=Propagation;西藏佛教=藏傳佛教=Tibetan Buddhism;佛教人物=Buddhist;法師=Master;初期佛教=早期佛教=根本佛教=原始佛教=Primitive Buddhism=Early Buddhism;金剛乘=真言教=瑜伽宗=坦特羅佛教=密教=密宗=Tantric Buddhism=Esoteric Buddhism=Vajrayana Buddhism;阿羅漢=Arhat;修行方法=修行法門=Practice;涅槃=Parinibbana=Nibbana=Nirvana;密勒日巴=Milarepa;密續=Tantra;菩薩=Bodhisattva;開悟=證悟=Satori=Enlightenment;傳記=Biography;漢傳佛教=大乘佛教=北傳佛教=Mahayana Buddhism;福報=福田=功德=Virtue=Merit
Abstract
The present study explores the ideal of the holy person in Indo-Tibetan Buddhism from the dual perspective of inner realization and of public recognition or cult. Our investigation begins with the Arhat of Early Buddhism, who has cleansed away all past defilements and their effects in the present, who manifests supranormal knowledge and power, and who is a 'field of merit' worthy of veneration. With the rise of Mahayana Buddhism, the earlier model of holiness was subjected to criticism in the light of a new ideal, the Bodhisattva, who practices a path toward selflessness that includes commitment to a vow not to enter the supreme state of Nirvana until all beings have, with his help, entered therein. The Bodhisattva ideal underwent further transformation in the context of tantric Buddhism in the remarkable figure of the Mahasiddha during the period of the transmission of Buddhism to Tibet. The Buddhist tantras provide us with an exemplary figure, Vajradhara, who represents the state of supreme Enlightenment. Vajradhara is a powerful symbol for the assimilation of the Saint, the Guru, and the ritual hierophant into a single object of devotion by which the practitioner may strive to attain the highest spiritual state 'in a single body, in one lifetime.' Using a thirteenth century account of Vajradhara as a theoretical framework for holiness in the tradition of the Buddhist tantras, we present an historical, doctrinal, and literary analysis of the biographical tradition of Milarepa, a Tibetan poet and Saint (1040?-1123), taking into account works earlier than the well-known rnam thar and mgur 'bum by gTsang smyon Heruka (ca. 1488). Translations of the account of Vajradhara and of the biography of Milarepa by rGyal Thang pa, a thirteenth century bKa' brgyud pa master, constitute Part III of the dissertation.
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