By Robert B. Zeuschner

Journal of Chinese Philosophy
V. 3 (1976)
pp. 299-311

Copyright 1976 by D. Reidel Publishing Company,



This bibliography is limited to the more important studies and translations devoted to the Chinese school of Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism. Consequently materials which concentrate exclusively upon the Japanese Zen school are not included. Although this bibliography is mainly devoted to writings on Ch'an in Western languages, a great number of extremely important critical works on Chinese Ch'an texts and thought is found in contemporary Japanese studies. For this reason we have included some of the best studies from this enormous field of literature.

    Entries marked with an asterisk* are considered to be of exceptional value or interest.


Arai, S., 'The Origins of Zen', Young East I, No. 12 (May 1926), 395-397.

Baumann, Carol, 'A Few Psychological Aspects of Ch'an Buddhism', Artibus Asiae VIII, No. 2-4 (1945), 216-237.
Beautrix, Pierre, Bibliographie du Bouddhisme Zen, Bruxelles, Institut Belge des Hautes Etudes Bouddhiques, 1969.
Benl, O., 'Der Zen-Meister Dogen in China', Nachrichten der Gesellschaft fur die Natur-und Volkerkunde Ostasiens, Hamburg, No. 79-80 (1956), pp. 67-77.
Benoit, Hubert, Let Go!, London, Alien and Unwin, 1962.
Benoit, Hubert, The Supreme Doctrine, New York, Pantheon Books, 1955.
Blofeld, John, The Path to Sudden Attainment: A treatise of the Ch'an school by Hui Hai of the T'ang dynasty, London,
    Sedgwick and Jackson, 1948.
Blofeld, John, The Zen Teaching of Hui Hai, London, Rider, 1962.
Blofeld, John, The Zen Teaching of Huang Po on the Transmission of Mind,
Blyth, Reginald H., Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 1, Tokyo, Hokuseido, 1960.
Blyth, Reginald H., Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 2, Tokyo, 1964.
Blyth, Reginald H., Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 3, Tokyo, 1970.
Blyth, Reginald H., Zen and Zen Classics, Vol. 4, Mumonkan, Tokyo, 1966.
Blyth, Reginald H., Zen in English Literature and Oriental Classics, Tokyo, Hokuseido, 1942; reprinted numerous times.
Blyth, Reginald H., 'The Zenrinkushu', Young East xii, no. 46 (Summer 1963), 8-11; xii, no. 47 (Autumn 1963), 2-6; xii,
    no. 48 (Winter 1963), 6-9; xiii, no. 49 (Spring 1964), 2-4; xiii, no. 50 (Summer 1964), 2-4.
Briggs, W., Anthology of Zen, London, 1961, N.Y., Grove Press, 1961.




Cat's Yawn, New York, Buddhist Society of America, 1947.
Chan, Wing-tsit, 'Elucidating the Doctrine', Sources of Chinese Tradition, Vol. I (ed. by De Bary, Chan and Watson),
    New York, Columbia University Press, 1960, pp. 356-360.
Chan, Wing-tsit, 'I-Hsuan: A Sermon', Sources of Chinese Tradition, Vol. I (ed. by De Bary et al.), New York, Columbia
    University Press, 1960, pp. 360-363.
Chan, Wing-tsit, 'Pen-Chi: Questions and Answers', Sources of Chinese Tradition, Vol. I (ed. by De Bary et al.), New
    York, Columbia University Press, 1960, pp. 363-368.
Chan, Wing-tsit, The Platform Scripture, New York, St. John's University Press, 1963.
Chan, Wing-tsit. 'Recorded Conversations of Shen-hui', A Source Book of Chinese Philosophy, New York, Columbia
    University Press, 1963, pp. 440-444.
Chang, Chen-chi, The Buddhist Teaching of Totality, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1971.
Chang, Chen-chi, "The Nature of Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism' Philosophy East and West vi, No. 4 (January 1957), 333-355.
Chang, Chen-chi, The Practice of Zen, London, Rider, 1960; N.Y., Harper, 1960.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ch'an Buddhism: Logical and Illogical', Philosophy East and West xvii, No. 1-4 (1967), 37-49.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ch'an Master Niu-t'ou Fa-yung and His Teachings on Prajna-Paramita, Chinese Culture vii. No. 1
    (1967), 37-49.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ch'an Teachings of the Fa-yen School', Chinese Culture vi, No. 3 (1965), 55-80.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ch'an Teachings of the Kuei-Yang School', Chinese Culture VII, No. 4 (1966), 12-53.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ch'an Teachings of the Yun-men School', Chinese Culture V, No. 4 (1964), 14-35.
*Chang, Chung-yuan, Creativity and Taoism, New York, Julian Press, 1963.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'The 'Essential Source of Identity' in Wang Lung-chi's Philosophy', Philosophy East and West
    XXIII, No. 1-2
*Chang, Chung-yuan, Original Teachings of Ch'an Buddhism, New York, Pantheon, 1970.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Pre-Rational Harmony in Heidegger's 'Essential Thinking' and Ch'an Thought', Eastern Buddhist V,
    No. 2 (October 1972), 153-170.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'A Study of Master Lin-chi I-hsuan', Psychologia VI (1963), 74-80.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Tao as Inner Experience', Zeitschrift fur Religions- und Geistes-geschichte (Koln) X (1958), 13-15.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Tao: a New Way of Thinking', Journal of Chinese Philosophy I (March 1974), 127-152.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ts'ao-Tung Ch'an and Its Metaphysical Background', Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, New
    Series, V, No. 1 (June 1965), 33-65.
Chang, Chung-yuan, 'Ways of Experiencing Ch'an', Main Currents of Modern Thought XX (1964), 57-61.
Chapin, Helen B., 'The Ch'an Master Pu-tai', Journal of the American Oriental Society LIII (March 1933), 47-52.
Chapin, Helen B., 'Three Early Portraits of Bodhidharma', Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America I (1945-1946),




Chen, C. M., 'Comment on Samatha, Samapatti and Dhyana in Ch'an (Zen)', Philosophy East and West XVI, No. 1-2
    (1966), 84-87.
Chen, C. M., The Light-House in the Ocean of Ch'an (tr. by Fa-yen Kog), Klimpong, 1965.
Chen, Shih-hsiang, 'Chinese Poetics and Zenism', Oriens X (1957), 131-139.
*Cheng, Chung-ying, 'On Zen (Ch'an) Language and Zen Paradoxes', Journal of Chinese Philosophy I, No. 1 (1973), 77-
Chi, Richard S. Y., 'Dialogue on Zen by Nan-ch'uan (Nansen)', Middle Way XXXIV, No. 3 (November 1959), 117-123.
Chi, Richard S. Y., 'From the Dialogues of Shen-hui', The Middle Way XL, No. 3 (November 1965), 130-134.
Chou, Hsing-kuang, Dhyana Buddhism in China: Its History and Teaching, London, Probsthair, 1960.
Chu, Ch'an (John Blofeld), The Sutra of 42 Sections and Two Other Short Sutras, London, Buddhist Society, 1947.
Conze, Edward, 'Recent Work on Tantric and Zen Buddhism', Middle Way XXXV (November 1960), 93-98.
Cools, A. J., 'Houei-neng', Samadhi, Cahiers d' Etudes Bouddhiques, Bruxelles, V, Fasc. 2 (Jan-March 1967), 15-19.
Crowe, C. L., 'On the Irrationality' of Zen', Philosophy East and West XV, No. 1 (1965), 1-10.

Demieville, Paul, Choix d'Etudes Bouddhiques, Leiden, Brill, 1973.
Demieville, Paul, Choix d'Etudes Sinologiques, Leiden, Brill, 1973.
Demieville, Paul, Le Concile de Lhasa, Paris, Imprimerie Nationale de France, 1952.
Demieville, Paul, 'Deux Documents de Touen-houang sur le dhyana chinois', Tsukamoto Hakushi Shoju Ki'nen Bukkyo
    Shigaku Ronshu, Kyoto, 1961, pp. 117-198.
*Demieville, Paul, Lin-tsi: Entretiens, Paris. Fayard, 1972.
Demieville, Paul, 'Le Tch'an et la poesie chinoise', Tch'an (Zen), Hermes, Paris, 1970, 123-136.
Deshimaru, Taisen, Vrai Zen, Paris, Couvrier du Livre, 1969.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, 'Bodhidharma und die Anfange des Ch'an-Buddhismus', Monumenta Serica X, (1945), 222-238.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, 'Buddhistische Mystik in Mahayana', Zeitschrift fur Mission und Religionswissenschaft, No. 40
    (1956), 146-162.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, 'Das Wu-men-kuan oder 'Der Pass ohne Tor'', Monumenta Serica viii, (1943), 41-102.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, The Development of Chinese Zen after the Sixth Patriarch in the Light of the Munonkan, New York, First Zen Institute of America, 1953, translated from the German with additional notes by Ruth Fuller Sasaki.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, 'Das Erlebnis der 'grossen Befreiung' im Zen-Buddhismus', Stimmen der Zeit (Freiburg), 1941, 182-
Dumoulin, Heinrich, A History of Zen Buddhism (tr. by Paul Peachey), London and New York, 1963.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, 'Jung's Interpretation of Zen Enlightenment', Sophia 4 (Winter 1955), 33-43 (German, 3 pages of
    English Summary).
Dumoulin, Heinrich, Wu-men-kuan, Der Pass ohne Tor, Tokyo, Sophia University, 1953.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, Zen, Geschichte und Gestalt, Bern, Francke Verlag, 1959.




Ecke, G., 'Concerning Ch'an in Painting', Arts Asiatiques III. No. 4 (1956), 296-306.
Eidmann, P. K., The Sutra of the Teachings Left by the Buddha, Osaka, Kyoto, 1952.
Eliade, M., From Primitives to Zen, New York, Harper & Row, 1967.
Elton, Bayard, 'A Zen sutra'. Buddhism in England VI, No. 7-8 (1932), 142-144.

*Fontein, J. and Money Hickman, Zen: Painting and Calligraphy, Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 1970.
Fukunaga, M., ' 'No-mind' in Chuang-tzu and in Ch'an Buddhism', Zinbun XII (1969), 9-45.
Fung, Paul and George Fung, The Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch on the Pristine Orthodox Dharma, San Francisco, Buddha's
    Universal Church, 1964.

Gernet, Jacques, 'Biographic du maitre Chen-houei du Ho-tso', Journal Asiatique I (1951), 29-68.
Gernet, Jacques, 'Complement aux entretiens du maitre du Dhyana Chen-houei', Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise
    d'Extreme-Orient XLIV, No. 2 (1954), 453-466.
Gernet, Jacques, Entretiens du maitre de Dhyana Chen-houei du Ho-tso, Hanoi, 1949.
Gernet, Jacques, 'Les entretiens du maitre Ling-yeou du Kouei-chan (771-853)', Bulletin de l'Ecole Francaise
    d'Extreme-Orient XLV (1951), 65-70.
Goddard, D., A Buddhist Bible, Boston, Beacon Press, 1972.
Govinda, A., 'Thoughts on Zen Buddhism I', The Maha Bodhi XLII, No. 10 (October 1934), 431-454.
Govinda, A., 'Thoughts on Zen Buddhism II', The Maha Bodhi XLIII, No. 1 (January 1945), 1-10.
*Gundert, Wilhelm, Bi Yon Lu, Three Volumes, Munchen, Carl Hauser Verlag, 1964. 1967,1973.

Haimes, Norma, 'Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis - a Bibliographic Essay', Psychologia xv (1972), 22-30.
Hardwick, C. S., 'Doing Philosophy and Doing Zen', Philosophy East and West xiii, No. 3 (1963), 227-234.
Hasumi, Toshimitsu. Elaboration Philosophique de la Pensee du Zen, Paris, La Pensee Universelle, 1973.
Hirai, T., Psychophysiology of Zen, Tokyo, Igaku Shoin, 1974.
*Hisamatsu, Shin'ichi, 'The Idea of Nothingness (mu) in Oriental Thought', Japan Science Review i (1950), 65-97.
*Hisamatsu, Shin'ichi, Zen and the Fine Arts, Tokyo, Kodansha, 1971.
Houlne, Lucien, Discours et sermons d'apres le Sutra de l'Estrade sur les Pierres Precieuses de la Loi, Rev. par L. Wang,
    Paris, Albin Michel, 1973.
Hsi, Yung, The Commentary on the 'Formless Gatha', Allahabad, India, Indo-Chinese Literature Publications, 1955.
Hu, Shih, 'An Appeal for a Systematic Search in Japan for Long-Hidden T'ang Dynasty Source Materials of the Early History of Zen Buddhism', Bukkyo to Bunka, Kyoto, 1960, pp. 15-23.
* Hu, Shih, 'Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism in China: Its History and Method', Philosophy East and West iii, No. 1 (April 1953), 3
Hu, Shih, 'Development of Zen Buddhism in China', Sino-Indian Studies, Santinikitam, Vol. iii, No. 3-4 (1949), pp. 99-
    126. Reprinted in Anthology of Zen (ed. by W. Briggs), New York, Grove Press, 1961.




Humphreys, C., Zen Buddhism, London, Heinemann, 1949; London, Allen and Unwin, 1957.

Iriya, Yoshitaka, 'Chinese Poetry and Zen', Eastern Buddhist vi. No. 1 (May 1973), 54-67.
Izutsu,T., The Philosophical Problem of Articulation in Zen Buddhism', Revue Internationale de Philosophie 28 (1974),

Jan, Yun-hua, 'Tsung-mi. His Analysis of Ch'an Buddhism', Toung Pao lviii (1972), 1-54.

Kapleau, Philip, Three Pillars of Zen, Boston, Beacon Press, 1967.
Kennett, Jiyu, Selling Water by the River, Vintage, 1973.
Kim, Ha Tai, The Logic of the Illogical', Philosophy East and West v (April 1955), 19-29.

Lanciotti, L., 'New Historic Contributions to the Person of Bodhidharma', Artibus Asiae xii (1949), 141-144.
Lesh, T., 'Zen and Psychotherapy: a Partially Annotated Bibliography' Journal of Humanistic Psychology x (1970), 75-
Liebenthal, Walter, The Sermon of Shen-hui', Asia Major, New Series, iii. No. 2 (1952), 132-155.
Liebenthal, Walter, 'Yung-chia Cheng-Tao-Ko', Monumenta Serica VI (1941), 1-39.
Liebenthal, Walter, 'The World Conception of Chu Tao-sheng', Monumenta Nipponica XII, No. 1-2 (April-July 1956), 65
Linssen, R., Living Zen, London, Allen and Unwin, 1958.
Luk, Charles, Ch'an and Zen Teaching, Three volumes, London, Rider and Co., 1966.
Luk, Charles, The Secrets of Chinese Meditation, London, 1969.
Luk, Charles, Transmission of the Mind, Outside the Teaching, London, 1974. The first of ten volumes containing the
    biographies, sayings and teachings of the masters of Ch'an Buddhism.
Luk, Charles, 'Zen Documents', Middle Way XXXI, No. 4 (February 1947), 161-167.

Masunaga, R., 'The Principles of Zen Buddhism and Its Historical Development', Japan Science Review II, 1951.
Maupin, E., 'Zen Buddhism: a Psychological Review', Journal of Consulting Psychology XXVI (1962), 362-378.
McCandless, Ruth and Nyogen Senzaki, Buddhism and Zen, New York, Philosophical Library, 1953.
Misson-Oursel, Paul, 'Le Yuan Jen Louen', Journal Asiatique, (May 1915), 4-58.
*Miura, Isshu and Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen Dust, New York, Harcourt Brace and Wolff, 1966.
Miura, Isshu and Ruth Fuller Sasaki, The Zen Koan, Kyoto, First Zen Institute of America in Japan, 1965.
Murakami, Yoshimi, ' 'Nature' in Lao-Chung Thought and 'No-mind' in Ch'an Buddhism', Kwansei Gakuin University
    Annual Studies XIV (1965), 15-31.

Nieda, R., ' 'Nothing' in Zen', Numen (Pays-Bas IX, No. 1 (1963), 233-236.f Niel, Andre, 'L'Homme et l'Infini dans le Bouddhisme Zen', Critique (1954), 966-972.




Nukariya, K., Religion of the Samurai: A Study of Zen Philosophy in China and Japan, London, Luzac, 1913,1922.

Ogata, Sohaku, 'Bodhidharma, an Indian Master of Dhyana who Became the Father of Zen in China and Japan', Voung
    East IX, No. 4 (1943), 21-27.
Ogata, Sohaku, Zenshu Mu Mon Kan: A Gateless Barrier to Zen Buddhism, Kyoto, Hanazono College, 1955. Reprinted
    in Zen for the West, New York, Dial Press, 1959.
Ohasama, S. and A. Faust, Zen, der lebendige Buddhismus in Japan, Gotha, 1925.
Onda, A., 'Zen and Creativity', Psychologia V (1962), 13-20.
Otto, Rudolf, 'Uber Zazen als Extrem des Numinosen Irrationalen: Aufsatze das Numinose betreffend', Stuttgart und Gotha, 1923, 1929.

Pachow, W., 'Zen Buddhism and Bodhidharma', Indian Historical Quarterly XXXII, No. 2-3 (1956), 329-337.
Pei Sheng, A Convenient Way to Practice Ch'an (Zen) (tr. by Samuel Chang) no publisher given, June 1965.
Petit, P., Bouddhism Zen, Paris, 1948.
Price, A. F., 'The Seal of Mind Engraved (Hsin Hsin Ming)', with commentary notes by D. Gray, Middle Way XXII, No. 1
    (May-June 1947), 12-15.

Reps, Paul and Nyogen Senzaki, Zen Flesh Zen Bones, Tokyo, Tuttle, 1957.
Rhys Davids, C., 'Zen, Dhyana and Jhana', Prabuddha Bharata XLI, No. 2 (February 1936).
Riepe, D., 'A Critique of Zen Buddhism', Humanist XXVII (1968), 20-25.
Riepe, D., 'Discussion: Zen and the Scientific Outlook', Philosophy of Science XXXI (1964), 150-151.
Riepe, D" The Significance of the Attack upon Rationality of Zen Buddhism', Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (U.S.A.),
Ross, Nancy Wilson, The World of Zen, New York, Random House, 1962.
Rousselle, E., 'Sutra Spoken by the Sixth Patriarch Wei Lang', Sinica V (1930), VI ( 1931), XI (1936);
    Chinesisch-Deutscher Almanach (1931).

Sasaki, Ruth Fuller, 'A Bibliography of Translations of Zen (Ch'an) Works', Philosophy East and West X, No. 3-4 (1960-
    61), 149-166.
Sasaki, Ruth Fuller, 'Chia-shan Receives the Transmission from Boatman-Priest Te-ch'eng', Chicago Review XII, No. 2
    (Summer 1958), 33-36.
Sasaki, R. F., Dana Fraser, and Yoshitaka Irirya, The Recorded Sayings of Layman P'ang, Walker/Weatherhill, 1971.
*Sasaki, R. F. and Isshu Miura, Zen Dust, Harcourt Brace, New York, 1966.
Sasaki, R. F. and Isshu Miura, Zen Koan, Harcourt Brace, 1966.
Sasaki, Shigetsu, Cat's Yawn, New York, First Zen Institute of America, 1947.
*Schloegl, lrmgard, 'The Record of Rinzai', Middle Way XLIX, No. 1 (May 1974), 29-34; XLIX. No. 3 (November
    1974), 38-42.
Schumann, H. W., 'Mahayana, Vajrayana und Zen', Lehre und Wesen, Einsicht (1956), 78-80.
Senzaki, Nyogen and Ruth McCandless, The Iron Flute, Tokyo, Tuttle, 1961.
Senzaki, Nyogen and Paul Reps, Zen Flesh Zen Bones, Tokyo, Tuttle, 1957.
Shibata, Masumi, Passe Sans Porte (Wou-men kouan), Paris, Editions Traditionnelles 1963.




Sbibayama, Zenkei, Zen Comments on the Mumonkan (tr. by Sumiko Kudo), New York, Harper & Row, 1974.
Shaw, R. D. M., The Blue Cliff Records, London, Michael Joseph, 1961.
Siren, Osvald, 'Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism and Its Relation to Art', Theosophical Path (October 1934), 159-176.
Snyder, Gary, 'A Record of the Life of the Ch'an Master Po-chang Huai-Hai', Earth Household, New York, New
    Directions, 1969, 69-82.
Snyder, Gary, 'Cold Mountain Poems', Evergreen Review II, No. 6 [1958], pp. 69-80. Reprinted in Riprap and Cold
    Mountain Poems, Four Seasons Foundation, 1965.
Stryk, Lucien and Ikemoto Takashi, Zen: Poems, Prayers, Sermons, Anecdotes, Interviews, Anchor Books, New York,
Stryk, Lucien and Ikemoto Takashi, with Taigan Takayama, Zen Poems of China and Japan: The Crane's Bill, New York,
    Anchor Books, 1973.

Although almost all of Daisetz Suzuki's works contain references to and translations from Chinese Ch'an texts, the following list is restricted to those writings which are either devoted entirely to Chinese Ch'an, or which are predominantly or significantly concerned with Chinese Ch'an Buddhism.

Suzuki, Daisetz, T., The Analytic and Synthetic Approach to Buddhism', Middle Way xxix (November 1954), 102-104.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Comprehending Zen Buddhism', Self, Religion and Metaphysics (ed. by G. Myers), New York,
    Macmillan, 1961, pp. 122-126.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Enlightenment and Ignorance', Eastern Buddhist iii. No. 1 (April-June 1924), 1-31.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Essays in Zen Buddhism, First Series, Kyoto, London, Luzac, 1927; reprinted 1949, 1958, etc.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Essays in Zen Buddhism, Second Series, Kyoto, London, 1933, reprinted 1950,1958, etc.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Essays in Zen Buddhism, Third Series, Kyoto, London, 1934; reprinted 1953,1958, etc.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., The Essence of Buddhism, London, Buddhist Society, 1947.
*Suzuki, Daisetz, T., The Essence of Buddhism, Second revised edition, London, Buddhist Society, 1957.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Essentials of Zen Buddhism, London and New York, Rider & Co., 1963.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Freedom of Knowledge in Chinese Buddhism', Middle Way xxxi. No. 1 (May 1956), 12-18.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'The Hekigan Roku: Case Two', Eastern Buddhist, New Series, Vol. i, No. 2 (September 1966), 12-
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'An Introduction to the Study of the Lankavatara sutra', Eastern Buddhist v , No. 1 (March 1929), 1-
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'The Lankavatara sutra as a Mahayana Text in Special Relation to the Teaching of Zen Buddhism',
    Eastern Buddhist iv, (1928), 199-298.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Living by Zen, Tokyo, Sanseido, 1949; London, Rider, 1950.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Living by Zen, Revised edition, Tokyo, Sanseido, 1971.




Suzuki, Daisetz, T., The Madhyamika School in China', Journal of the Buddhist Text Society of India xx, no. 6 (1898),
Suzuki, Daisetz, T" Manual of Zen Buddhism, London, Rider, 1950: New York, Grove Press, 1960.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'On the Hekigan Roku (Blue Cliff Records) with a Translation of 'Case One' ', Eastern Buddhist, New
    Series, i. No. 1, (September 1965), 5-21.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'The Philosophy of Zen', Philosophy East and West i. No. 2 (1951), 3-15.
*Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Reason and Intuition in Buddhist Philosophy', Philosophy East and West (ed. by Charles Moore), Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1944, pp. 17-48. Reprinted in The Japanese Mind (ed. by Charles Moore), Honolulu, East-West Center Press, 1967.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'The Recovery of a Lost Mss. on the History of Zen in China', Eastern Buddhist vi. No. 1 (April
    1932), 107-110.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Rinzai on Zen', Chicago Review xii (Summer 1958), 12-16.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Some Aspects of Zen Buddhism Illustrated by Selections from the Hekiganshu, the First Book of the
    Zen School of Buddhism', Studies on Buddhism in Japan i (1939), 1-35.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'The Secret Message of Bodhidharma', Eastern Buddhist iv, No. 1 (July-September 1926), 1-26.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Studies in the Lankavatara Sutra, London, Routledge, 1930, reprinted 1958.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Studies in Zen, London, Rider, 1955.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Ummon on Time', Eastern Buddhist, vi. No. 2 (October 1973), 1-13.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Zen and Meditation', Mahayanist, i. No. 2 (1915), 13-14.
*Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Zen: A Reply to Hu Shih', Philosophy East and West iii, No. 1 (April 1953), 25-46.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Zen Buddhism as the Chinese Interpretation of the Doctrine of Enlightenment', Eastern Buddhist ii
    (1922-1923), 217-235.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Zen Buddhism on Immortality: an Extract from the Hekiganshu', Eastern Buddhist iii (1924-1925),
*Suzuki, Daisetz, T., Zen Doctrine of No-mind, London, Rider, 1949; reprinted 1958.
Suzuki, Daisetz, T., 'Zen Meditation', Middle Way XLII, No. 3 (Nov. 1967), 132-134.

Tch'an (Zen), Textes chinois fondamentaux, Paris, Hermes, 1970.
'Textes Zen', Samadhi, Cahiers d'Etudes Bouddhiques, Bruxelles, Vol. II, fasc. 3 (July-September 1968), 142-144.
Timmons, B. and J. Kamiya, 'Psychology and Physiology of Meditation and Related Phenomena: a Bibliography', Journal
    of Transpersonal Psychology H (1970), 41-59.
Timmons, B. and D. Kenellakos, 'Psychology and Physiology of Meditation and Related Phenomena: Bibliography II',
    Journal of Transpersonal Psychology VI (1974), 32-38.
Trevor, HM. H., The Ox and His Herdsman, a Chinese Zen Text, Tokyo, Hokuseido, 1969.

Ueda, Daisuke, 'Philosophical Peculiarities of Zen', Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu (15), Tokyo, VIII, No. 1 (January
    1960), 394-391.
Ueda, Yoshifumi, Thinking in Buddhist Philosophy', Philosophical Studies of Japan V (1964), 69-94.




Verdu, Alfonso, The 'Five Ranks' Dialectic of the Soto-Zen School in the Light of Kuei-feng Tsung-mi's 'alaya-vijnana'
    Scheme', Part I, Monumentica Nipponica XXI, No. 1-2 (1966), 125-170.

Waley, Arthur, 'From the Conversations of Shen-hui', Buddhist Texts Through the Ages (ed. by E. Conze), N.Y. Harper,
Waley, Arthur, '27 Poems by Han-shan', Encounter III, No. 3 (September 1954), 3-8.
Waley, Arthur, Zen Buddhism and Its Relation to Art, London, Luzac, 1922. Partially reprinted in Madly Singing in the
    Mountains (ed. by Ivan Morris), New York, Harper, 1972,314-323.
Watson, Burton, Cold Mountain, New York, Grove Press, 1965.
Wieman, Henry, 'The Problem of Mysticism', Mysticism and Modern Man (ed. by A. Stiernotte), N.Y., Liberal Arts Press,
    1959, 21-42.
Wienpahl, Paul, 'Ch'an Buddhism, Western Thought, and the Concept of Substance', Inquiry XIV (1971), 84-101.
Watts, Alan, The Way of Zen, New York, Pantheon, 1957; reprinted numerous times.
Wolf, W., 'Reflections on Zen Buddhism, Psychology and Psychotherapy', American Journal of Psychotherapy xi (1957),
Wood, Ernest, Zen Dictionary, London, Owen, 1963; Tokyo, Tuttle, 1972.
Wong Mou-lam, The Sutra of Wei Long (Hui-neng), New Edition, London, Luzac, 1944, 1947. Reprinted Shambhala,
Wu, Chi-yu, 'A study of Han-shan', T'oung Pao xxxxv (1957)' 392-450.
Wu, John C. H., The Golden Age of Zen, Taiwan, National War College, 1967.
Yamada, Reirin, The Way of Understanding Zen: Tung-shan and Shen-tsan', Young East vi. No. 24 (Winter 1957), 5-7.
*Yampolsky, Philip, The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch, New York, Columbia University Press, 1967.
Yanagida, Seizan, 'The life of Lin-chi I-hsuan', (tr. by Ruth Sasaki), Eastern Buddhist, New Series, Vol. v. No. 2 (October
    1972), 70-94.
Yasutani, Hakuun Roshi, 'The Five Kinds of Zen (based on Tsung-mi's analysis)' (tr. by Dr. C. Blacker), Middle Way
    xxxv, No. 4 (February 1961), 147-150.

Zeuschner, Robert B., 'The Hsien-tsung chi: an Early Ch'an Text', Journal of Chinese Philosophy, this issue, pp. 253-268.
Zeuschner, Robert B., 'A Sermon by the Ch'an Master Ho-tse Shen-hui', Middle Way xlix, No. 3 (November 1974), 45-


The number of articles written on Chinese Ch'an in Japan is truly enormous, and no attempt here will be made to give a comprehensive listing. Instead we will give a very selective listing of some of the most valuable of the Japanese studies, concentrating on recently published books and articles. A good listing of major works written up until 1967 is found in the bibliography to Philip Yampolsky's The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch (N.Y., Columbia, 1967).




Abe, Hajime, 'Nanshu Zen hokei no ichi kenkyu' (A Study on the Lineage of the Northern School of Ch'an), Toyo
    shigaku ronshu. No. 4 (November 1955), 275-324.
Abe, Joitsu, Chugoku Zenshushi no kenkyu (Studies in the History of the Zen School in China), Tokyo, Seishin Shobo,
This is a book which concentrates upon the political interaction of Ch'an
Buddhism with the officials and rulers of China.

Fukunaga, M., 'Zen no mushin to Soshi no mushin' (No-Mind in Ch'an and Chuang-tzu), in Zen no honshitsu to ningen
    no shinri (ed. by Hisamatsu and Nishitani), Tokyo, Kanbunkai, 1969, pp. 725-758.

Hasebe, Yoshikazu, 'Nan-hoku no tairitsu to sono haikei', (The Opposition Between the Northern and Southern Schools
    and Its Background), Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies xv. No. 1 (December 1966), 315-319.
Hisamatsu, Shin'ichi and Keiji Nishitani, Zen no honshitsu to ningen no shinri (The Essence of Zen and the True Principle
    of Man), Tokyo, 1969.

Ito, Eizo, Zen shiso shi taikei (A Systematic History of the Thought of the Zen School), Tokyo, Hosha, 1963.
Ito, Kokan, 'Rokuso Eno daishi no chushin shiso' (The Central Concepts of the Thought of the Sixth Patriarch Hui-neng),
    Nihon Bukkyogaku kyokai nempo, no. 7 (February 1935), pp. 198-239.

Jimbo, Nyoten, Zengaku jiten (A Zen Dictionary), Kyoto, 1929, 1944, 1974.

Kanehara, Haruhide, 'Kataku-Jinne to kyoten', (A Study of the Sutras Quoted by Ho-tse Shen-hui), Journal of Indian and
    Buddhist Studies xx, no. 2 (March 1972), 641-2.
Kobayashi, Ensho, 'Zen ni okero ichigyo zammai no igi' (The Sense of 'Ichi-go-samadhi' in the Zen School), Journal of
    Indian and Buddhist Studies x, no. 1. (January 1961), 160-161.
Kuno, Horyu, 'Hokushu Zen' (Northern Ch'an), Taisho Daigaku gakuho, no. 30-31 (March 1940), pp. 131-176.

Masunaga, Reiho, 'Sanso Sosan to sono shiso' (The Third Patriarch Seng-tsan and His Thought), Nikka Bukkyo
    kenkyukai nempo, no. 2 (1937), 36-63.
Masunaga, Reiho, Zengo shojiten (A Short Dictionary of Zen Terms), Tokyo, 1957.
Matsuda, Fumio, 'Jinshu den ni okeru ni san no mondai ni tsuite' (Concerning Two or Three Problems in the Biography
    of Shen-hsiu), Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies vi, no. 1 (January 19571, 212-215.
Mochizuki, Shinko, Bukkyo daijiten (Encyclopaedia of Buddhism), Tokyo, 1955-1963. 10 vols.
Although this is not devoted strictly to Zen Buddhism, it is a primary source for information on doctrines, concepts,
    biographical information, and texts.

Nagashima, Takayuki, 'Zenshu wa Eno to Dankyo igo ni', (The Development of the Ch'an School Following Hui-neng
    and the Platform Sutra), Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies xvi, no. 1 (December 1967), 140-141.
Nakagawa, Shosuke, Zenge jii (A Glossary of Zen Terms), Tokyo, 1935, 1969.




Nakagawa, Taka, 'Dankyo no shiso shiteki kenkyu' (Historical Studies of the Thought in the Platform Sutra), Journal of
    Indian and Buddhist Studies 5 (September 1954), 281-284.
Nakagawa, Taka, 'Daruma zenji ron (Tonko shutsudo) ko' (A Study of the Discourses of Bodhidharma Discovered at
    Tun-huang), Shukan Toyogaku, 2 (1959), 85-96.
Nishitani, Keiji, and D. T. Suzuki (eds.), Koza Zen (Lectures on Zen), Vol. 3 (The History of the Ch'an School in China),
    Vol. 6 (Chinese Ch'an texts), Tokyo, Chikuma Shobo, 1967.
This is an 8-volume series on various aspects of Ch'an and Zen thought, including volumes devoted to Zen and literature,
    the experience of Zen, Zen and contemporary thought, etc.
Nukariya, Kaiten, Zengaku shisoshi (History of the Thought of Zen/dhyana), 2 volumes, Tokyo, 1970.

Oda, Teizo, Zen to rinri (Zen and ethics), Tokyo, Hosei Daigaku Shuppan Kyoku, 1965.
Okada, Yoshinori, Zengaku kenkyu ho to sono shiryo (Methods of Investigating Zen and Basic Research Materials),
    Tokyo, Meicho kanko kai, 1969.
Ono, Gemmyo, Bussho kaisetsu daijiten (A Large Dictionary Explaining the Contents of Buddhist Books), Tokyo, 1931-
    36. 12 volumes.
Although not devoted to just Ch'an or Zen, this is another basic reference work explaining important information on
    almost all the Buddhist texts in Chinese and Japanese.

Sahashi, Horyu, Keitoku Dentoroku (A Study and Translation of Selections from the Transmission of the Lamp), Tokyo,
Sekiguchi, Shindai, Daruma daishi no kenkyu (A Study of the Master Bodhidharma), Tokyo, 1970.
Sekiguchi, Shindai, Daruma no kenkyu (Studies on Bodhidharma), Tokyo, Chikuma Shobo, 1968.
Sekiguchi, Shindai, 'Eno kenkyu ni kansuru memo' (A Criticism of Studies of Hui-neng), Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies xx, no. 2 (March 1972), 512-517.
Sekiguchi, Shindai, 'Nanshu to Nanshu Zen' (The Southern School and Southern School of Zen), Journal of Indian and
    Buddhist Studies xi, no. 1 (March 1962), 70-76.
Sekiguchi, Shindai, Zenshu shiso shi (History of the Thought of the Ch'an School), Tokyo, 1964.
Shimada, Kenji, 'Tai-yo no rekishi ni yosete' (Concerning the History of the Concepts of 'Substance' and 'Function'),
    Tsukamoto Hakushi shoju ki'nen Bukkyo shigaku ronshu, Kyoto, 1961, pp. 416-430.
Suzuki, Daisetz, 'Zen shiso shi kenkyu II (Part II: Studies in the History of Zen Thought), collected in Suzuki Daisetz
    Zenshu (The complete collected works of D. T. Suzuki), Vol. II, Iwanami Shobo, 1968.
Suzuki, Daisetz, 'Zen shiso shi kenkyu dai san' (Part III: Studies in the History of Zen Thought), in Suzuki Daisetz
    Zenshu, Vol. III, Tokyo, Iwanami Shobo, 1968, pp. 1-335.
Suzuki, Daisetz, 'Zen no shiso' (Thought of Zen), in Suzuki Daisetz Zenshu Vol. B III, Tokyo, Iwanami Shobo, 1969, pp.
Suzuki, Tetsuo, 'Kataku Jinne no'ken' no shiso' (The Use of the Verb 'to See' in the Thought of Ho-tse Shen-hui), Journal
    of Indian and Buddhist Studies xvi, no. 1 (December 1967), 132-33.




Ui, Hakuju, Zenshu shi kenkyu (Studies in the History of Ch'an), Tokyo, 1939-43; 1966.3 volumes.
These three volumes constitue one of the single best sources for information on the historical development of the Ch'an
    school in China during its earliest formative years.

Yamazaki, Hiroshi, 'Kataku Jinne zenshi ko' (A Study of the Ch'an Master Ho-tse Shen-hui), in Toyo Shigaku Ronshu
    (Collected Essays on Eastern History), Tokyo, Fumaido Shoten, 1954.
Yamada, Kodo, Zenshu jiten (Dictionary of the Zen school), Tokyo, 1913, reprinted 1974.
Yanagida, Seizan, Kunchu Rinzai Roku (An annotated translation of the 'Discourses of Lin-chi'), Kyoto, Kichudo, 1961.
Yanagida, Seizan, Rinzai Noto, (Supplementary studies on the 'Discourses of Lin-chi), Tokyo, Shunju sha, 1971.
Yanagida, Seizan, Shoki Zenshu shisho no kenkyu (A Study of the Historical Texts of the Ch'an School's Earliest Period),
    Kyoto, Zen Bunka Kenkyujo Kenkyu ho koku, 1966.
All of Professor Yanagida's historical studies and translations are among the very best of the Japanese studies of Chinese
Yanagida, Seizan and Nishitani Keiji, Zenke goroku (Zen discourses), Tokyo, Chikuma Shobo, 1973.2 volumes.

Zen no goroku (Discourses of the Ch'an masters), Chikuma Shobo, Tokyo, 1969-. 20 volumes.
    This is a series of 20 volumes of detailed annotated translations of some of the most important of the Ch'an texts. Each
    volume is done by a recognized expert in the field, and embodies the very highest scholarship. The following is a list
    of the volumes in the series.

Vol. 1, Daruma no goroku (The Discourse of Bodhidharma), tr. by Seizan Yanagida, Chikuma Shoten, 1969.
Vol. 2, Shoki no Zenshi I (Two Earliest Ch'an History Texts), tr. by Seizan Yanagida, 1971.
Vol. 3, Shoki no Zenshi II (A Third Early Ch'an History Text), tr. by Seizan Yanagida, not yet published.
Vol. 4, Rokuso Dankyo (The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch), tr. by Michi Nakagawa, not yet published.
Vol. 5, Jinne Goroku (Dialogues of Shen-hui), tr. by Hisao Shinohara, not yet published.
Vol. 6, Tongo yomon (Essentials of Sudden Awakening by Hui-hai), tr. by Sojo Hirano, 1970.
Vol. 7, Ho Koji Goroku (Sayings of Layman P'ang), tr. by Yoshitaka Iriya, 1974.
Vol. 8, Denshin hoyo-Enryo roku (Works of Huang-po), tr. by Yoshitaka Iriya, 1969.
Vol. 9, Zen ken sho senshu tojo (Tsung-mi's Introduction to 'Fountainheads' of Ch'an), tr. by Shigeo Kamata, 1971.
Vol. 10, Rinzai roku (Discourses of Lin-chi), tr. by Ryomin Akizuki, 1972.
Vol. 11, Joshu roku (Discourses of Chao-chou), tr. by Ryomin Akizuki, 1972.
Vol. 12, Tozan roku (Discourses of Tung-shan), tr. by Toshihira Iida, not yet published.




Vol. 13, Kanzan shi (Poems of Han-shan), tr. by Sensuke Iritani and Takashi Matsumoto, 1970.
Vol. 14, Fugyohen (Compilation of works of Ch'i-sung), tr. by G. Shimada, not yet published.
Vol. 15, Setcho Juko (Hsueh-t'ou Chung-hsien), tr. by S. Kajiya, not yet published.
Vol. 16, Jugo zu (Ten Ox-herding Pictures and others), tr. by Kajiya, 1974.
Vol. 17, Daie sho (Writings of Ta-hui), tr. by Kengo Araki, 1969.
Vol. 18, Mumonkan (Gateless Gate), tr. by Takashi Hirata, 1969.
Vol. 19, Zenkan sakushin (To Encourage Zealous Study of the Zen Barriers), tr. by Jikai Fujiyoshi, 1970.
Vol. 20, Goroku no rekishi (History of the Zen Dialogues), Yoshitaka Iriya and Seizan Yanagida, not yet published.

University of California at Santa Barbara